HIV in Mozambique

Mozambique is a predominantly rural country of approximately 27 million people challenged by a severe generalized HIV epidemic. National HIV prevalence is 13.2%, with substantial variation in regional prevalence ranging from 25.1% in Southern provinces to 3.7% in Northern provinces. In 2016, there were an estimated 1,849,690 PLHIV, with a higher prevalence among women (15.4% vs 10.1% in men) and especially among young women (aged 15-24 years) compared to young men. Prevalence among adolescent girls and young women is estimated at 6.9%. Of the estimated number of PLHIV in 2016, 54% are currently on ART. The HIV epidemic has contributed to a reduced life expectancy of 56.1 years, and there are approximately 1.8 million orphaned children.

Key drivers

Key drivers of Mozambique’s HIV epidemic are:

  • low coverage of ART
  • risky sexual behaviors
  • low rates of male circumcision
  • low and inconsistent condom use
  • mobility and migration
  • sex work

Qualitative studies have highlighted the social and cultural factors that shape attitudes and behaviors towards risk, sexual relations, prevention, care seeking and use of services.

 

Loading

Loading...

Loading

Loading...

Loading

Loading...